Air filter

The car is equipped with an air filter that can deodorize the air and purify it from pollen and dust.

The air filter consists of a deodorizer surrounded by a dust filter.

The deodorizer removes aldehyde containing odors, the dust filter traps small particles and suspension.

Fig. 1. Air filter: 1 - air filter profile; 2 - main layer; 3 - deodorizer; 4 - air filter

The air filter cannot be reused and must be replaced periodically.

Air conditioning unit

The air conditioning unit combines cooling and heating units.

Heater control damper operation

Fig. 2. Operation of the heater control damper: 1 - air flow; 2 - heater control damper; 3 - evaporator; 4 - heater radiator; 5 - block of the air conditioning system; 6 - cold; 7 - hot; 8 - cold air; 9 - warm air

The heater control damper installed in the air conditioning unit controls hot or cold air, depending on the position of the temperature control.

Air temperature is controlled by changing the distribution of air flows.

Blower control damper operation

The blower control damper can be set to one of the following positions: Vent, BI-Level, Heat, Heat/Def or Defroster, depending on the position of the blower control.

Fig. 3. The operation of the damper for controlling the blowing mode: 1 - air flow; 2 - airflow control damper; 3 - evaporator; 4 - heater radiator; 5 - block of the air conditioning system; 6 - to the central channel; 7 - to the side channel; 8 - to the front and rear heating channels; 9 - to the deflector of the heating system and the side channel; 10 - Vent, 11 - BI-Level, 12 - Heat, 13 - Heat/Def; 14 - Defroster; 15 - cold air; 16 - warm air

As a result, the air distribution mode changes.


A new type of evaporator is used, which combines a multi-flow evaporator (consisting of a condensing element and a subcooling element) and a gas-liquid separator (modulator).

The evaporator body is coated with a polymer that contains an antibacterial agent to eliminate the source of unpleasant odor and the spread of bacteria.

The placement of the tanks at the top and bottom of the evaporator block, as well as the internal design of the plates, made it possible to ensure the following:

  • – improved heat transfer efficiency;
  • – the temperature distribution has become more uniform;
  • – the vaporizer has become thinner.
Fig. 4. Evaporator operation: 1 - exit; 2 - input; 3 - separation point; 4 - attachment point

In the adopted pre-cooling cycle, after the refrigerant passes through the evaporator condensing element, the liquid and gaseous refrigerants that could not be liquefied are cooled again in the subcooling element.

Thus, the refrigerant is sent to the evaporator in an almost completely liquefied state.

Expansion valve

The expansion valve provides a rapid reduction in liquid refrigerant pressure. In this case, the refrigerant is sprayed, which facilitates the evaporation process.

The expansion valve also regulates the flow of refrigerant supplied to the evaporator.

Refrigerant flow rate is controlled by opening the ball valve in the expansion valve.

The amount of opening is controlled by balancing the R-134a pressure on the diaphragm and the resulting evaporator outlet pressure (PI) on the bottom of the diaphragm and the spring force (Fs) acting on the ball valve.

When PI increases, the temperature of the temperature sensor near the diaphragm rises, and the Pd of heated R-134a on the diaphragm increases.

When Pd is greater than PI + Fs, the diaphragm flexes downward and a shaft attached to the end of the temperature sensor rod pushes down on the ball valve, increasing the refrigerant flow.

Fig. 5. The principle of operation of the expansion valve: 1 - diaphragm; 2 - temperature sensor; 3 - shaft; 4 - ball valve; 5 - spring; 6 - from the evaporator; 7 - to the evaporator; 8 - from the condenser; 9 - on the capacitor; 10 - spring force; 11 - pressure R-134a; 12 - outlet pressure

When the evaporator outlet refrigerant temperature decreases, PI + Fs becomes greater than Pd, the ball valve rises and the refrigerant flow decreases.


A condenser with additional cooling is used. This is a multi-flow condenser, which is equipped with an additional cooling element and is combined with a receiver/drier.

Fig. 6. Capacitor: 1 - capacitor; 2 – cooling element; 3 – additional cooling element; 4 - receiver/drier

The aftercooled condenser separates the gaseous and liquid phases of the refrigerant initially cooled in the condenser in a receiver/dryer, where the refrigerant is returned to the aftercooler element and cooled again to accelerate liquefaction and improve cooling capacity.

Checking the heater core

Remove the air conditioning unit.

Remove the heater core of the air conditioning unit.

Check for cracks, damage, and coolant leaks.

If any problems are found, replace the heater core.

Check the plates for deformation.

Use a flat-tip screwdriver to eliminate deformation

Check that the heater core inlet and outlet pipes are not damaged. If necessary, eliminate the deformation with pliers.

Removing and installing the rear air duct

Turn the front floor covering over.

Remove the rear air duct (right side).

Remove the rear air duct (left side).

Fig. 7. Rear air duct: 1 - rear air duct (right side); 2 - rear air duct (left side)

Install in the reverse order of removal.